The USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific project ended in September 2017 and this website is no longer being updated. Please visit USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific page on weADAPT to access the information and resources of the program.
This discussion paper was prepared for the Regional Clinic on the Design and Management of National Climate Funds (NCFs) on 6-8 September 2012 in Bangkok, Thailand. The Regional Clinic is jointly organized by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through its ADAPT Asia-Pacific project. The event brings together practitioners in the Asia-Pacific region who are fund managers of well established and recently established national funds, as well as those who are considering establishing new funds, to discuss technical aspects of NCFs and share practical experience from implementation. The objective of this paper is to situate the discussion on NCFs in the context of the evolving landscape of international climate finance. Since many NCFs are expected to play an instrumental role in accessing international funds for national climate change projects and programs, it is essential that managers of NCFs understand the requirements for accessing the funds using the direct access modality. The paper focuses on the early considerations in the design of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and what it implies in terms of the emerging architecture of international climate finance in the coming decade. The paper concludes by outlining key considerations which should be taken into account in the design and operation of NCFs to enhance their readiness to directly access international climate finance.
All 13 Asian countries which were identified as priority countries for ADAPT Asia-Pacific involvement have some form of climate change action plan. The purpose of this document is to highlight the variety of projects which have already been identified by each country and by major donors, to examine the extent of readiness (availability of concept papers, costing, pre-feasibility studies, implementing agency, source of funding etc.), to identify the most promising points of entry (i.e. countries that are “project ready”) as well as to indicate the possible capacity-building requirements. Based on this analysis, the criteria for assessing possible ADAPT Asia-Pacific involvement will be proposed.
This report is intended as a background technical assessment for the ADAPT Asia-Pacific project. While adaptation financing can come from multiple domestic and international sources, this assessment focuses on gaining an in-depth understanding of the existing pool of international climate change funds which can provide resources to finance adaptation activities in ADAPT Asia-Pacific‘s target countries. Other sources of adaptation financing such as national budgets, private sector finance, philanthropy and ODA etc. are generally not covered in this assessment. The assessment findings on the international climate change funds will inform the ADAPT Asia-Pacific project‘s strategy to engage with these funds and support target countries to access the funds‘ resources.