This paper, which is based on the experience of the USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific Project, presents one such practical definition to the term “country systems”. The Project functions primarily as a climate change adaptation project preparation facility that focuses on the design of bankable projects for international financing. However, this work influences, and is influenced by, the whole climate financing environment, particularly those systems used by countries to identify, design and implement climate change adaptation projects. Accordingly, we have worked with countries to strengthen parts of these systems that go beyond project preparation.
This paper draws on definitions of public financial management and the related systems laid out following the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness in 2005. The paper was originally developed as a background note for the USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific Third Annual Forum, held in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme on September 15-16, 2014 in Siem Reap, Cambodia. The Forum, entitled Strengthening Country Systems to Access and Manage Climate Change Adaptation Finance in Asia and the Pacific, picked up on themes discussed at the Global Forum on Using Country Systems to Manage Climate Finance, which took place in Incheon, Korea the previous year.